UV water purifier is one of the most effective ways to inactivate or kill waterborne micro-organisms.
Clean water is one of the most essential in human life but access to safe water in the whole world is becoming difficult.
The water we get from our tap has transported through pipes picking impurities along the way.
In fact, the only way to ensure you have access to clean water healthy for human consumption is to install the water purifier in your house.
There are various types of water Purifiers and each removes specific contaminants present in your water.
Today we are going to discuss home UV water purifier
Best whole house UV water purifier comparisons
|Name||image||flow rate||power||Where to buy|
|1||S8Q-PA VIQUA||10gpm||120 V39W||Check Amazon for the best price|
|2||wholesale market LLC||12GPM||55W 110V||Check Amazon for the best price|
|3||iSpring UVF11A UV||1.0 GPM||11W 110v||Check Amazon for the best price|
|5||HQUA-OWS-12||12GPM||55W 120v||Check Amazon for the best price|
|6||Ronaqua||12GPM||55W 120v||Check Amazon for the best price|
|7||vitapur||30 W||Check Amazon for the best price|
What is UV?
UV stands for ultraviolet.
It is water purification methods that kill or inactivate waterborne micro-organisms.
It destroys 99.99 % of waterborne micro-organisms.
Such microorganisms include:
How does UV water purification work
UV water purification method uses Special lamps that emit UV light waves/ rays which are also called frequency.
The unique lamp is surrounded by clear Quartz sleeve which prevents direct contact with water and prevents short circuits.
Water passes through the special lamps that emit UV light frequency. This UV light frequency penetrates through microorganism DNA code, attacks, disrupts and rearranges microorganism DNA code causing them to become inactive and stop reproducing further.
The best frequency used to kill germs is 254 nanometer (nm).
Most people fear this method because of exposure to ultraviolet rays which they believe causes cancer. The method is approved to be safe for human consumption because the process of exposing water to ultraviolet rays is done in an enclosed container causing no risk to the human being.
Also, it is safe since you don’t add chemicals to clean water.
Common components that are used in the ultraviolet method include:
- Sediment pre-filter – removes particulates such as sand, silt, and rusts.
- UV reactors chamber-where the quartz sleeve is stored and untreated water enters the chamber. The water is purified as it runs through the UV reactor chamber
- UV quartz sleeves it is where the lamp is stored and ensures high transmittance for the ultra-violet and protects UV lamp from short circuits.
- UV lamp -it emits Ultraviolet
- Electronic ballast –controls the electric output to the lamp and powers it to produce ultraviolet light.
What is a UV water filter?
UV water filter uses an ultraviolet (UV) method to clean water.
The UV water purifier is a must if your water source is coming from lakes, streams, ponds, and well.
Advantages of UV water purifier
- Kills 99.99% of micro-organisms
- Do not alter the taste of water
- It is a chemical-free process. No chemical is added when purifying water
- Low cost of maintenance because only the sleeve and lamp are replaced annually
- Consume less energy. It uses the same energy consumed by tube lights
- Work together well with all another method of water purification
- Do not waste any water compared with RO method
Disadvantages of UV water purifier
- It only kills micro-organism but doesn’t remove heavy metals, salts, and chemicals
- If the water contains particles or is muddy UV light will not reach micro-organism because rays are blocked by particles.
- Most of UV water purifier doesn’t come with water storage containers
- Requires electricity to operate
- Kills microorganism body in the water but their cell remains in the water.
- When the UV lamp gets dimmer or blocked by impurities, there is no warning, and you can end up getting unsafe water.
- Requires working with other methods of water filtration for you to get clean water for human consumption.
Whole house UV water Purifier reviews
- It Kills micro-organisms
- It best water treatment for homes with a flow rate of 10 gallons per minute
- You don’t need to turn off the water so as you change the UV lamp
- It has an audible alarm for system failure
- It uses 39 watts almost the same as tube lights
- The Viqua home UV water system Kills contaminants such as micro-organisms and bacteria.
- This UV water system is more comfortable to maintain it has a visual indicator of lamp life and audible alarm for system failure.
Find out other types of VIQUA UV water purifier
- It kills impurities such as bacteria, algae, viruses, microbes, and fungi
- 12 Gallon Per Minute UV Ultraviolet Sterilizer Water Filtration units
- Comes with two extra bulbs
- It uses a UV lamp of watts
The iSpring UVF11A UV Disinfection Sterilizer has a unique flow sensor that turns the unit on and off automatically with water flow; saving power and lengthening the life of the UV lamp.
After you turn off the faucet, the UV lamp stays on for an extra 2 minutes to pre-sterilized the remaining water in the chamber.
In the package includes:
- Stainless steel housing with Quartz sleeve
- 11W Germicidal UV lamp
- 110V Electronic ballast with Smart Flow Control Switch and Rubber O-ring
- 2 -quick-fittings
- 2 -brackets to hang the filter on the wall
- User Manual
It is perfect for killing contaminants such as bacteria, viruses, and protozoan cysts making it suitable for well water, lakes and stream.
This product is a complete add-on kit which can be added to most RO system as a final stage to the system.
It has a flow rate of 1.0 GPM and the lamp lasts 8000 hours. The lamp needs to be replaced annually
12 GPM UV water purifier that removes bacteria and viruses present in water.
The UV lamp needs to be replaced annually, clean quartz sleeve every 6-12 months and replace after 24 months.
- Flow Rate GPM – 12
- Lamp Power (Watt) – 55
- Max. Current (Amp) – 0.5
- Inlet & Outlet Size NPT – 3/4″
- Operating Pressure (PSI) – 10-100
- Operating Temperature Range (F) – 36-104
- Electrical – 100-240V 50/60Hz
- Electrical Plug – North American
This water purification is sufficient to remove impurities such as bacteria, virus, and germs, for example, E. coli, coliform, Giardia, Salmonella especially well water, therefore, protect your family from waterborne diseases.
The system uses 12 GPM powers which are enough to sanitize the whole house water including drinking and use water.
Only UV lamp and quartz sleeve that needs to be replaced annually and low electricity required. Therefore help save a lot of money from buying bottled water and saves energy bill.
It is applicable for irrigation, swimming pool, washing, drinking, chemical, and medicine.
This system not only kills microorganism using UV but already has installed pre-filter that reduces rusts, dirt, and sediments.
The system is installed at the point of entry at a flow rate of 18GPM. It is best suited for a large home (4-7BR) and light commercial application.
The lamp and sediment filter/ pre-filter are replaced every 12 months. You can replace quartz sleeve after 24 months or as you need
This system has a sediment filter which reduces particulate and a carbon block filter that removes chlorine odor and taste.
The Vitapur ultraviolet water system inactivates bacteria and viruses such as E-coli, salmonella, and legionella.
The lamp lasts for one year, and filter life is six months.
Where to buy replacement filter
Vitapur Replacement Carbon Block Filter for Whole Home UV Water
Other whole house UV water purifier that you might like
Tips on how to choose UV water purifier
It is essential to know contaminants present in your water for UV water purifiers to work effectively, they are a certain parameter that your water must meet otherwise you need to install pre-filter. Such parameters include:
- Hardness < (less than)7 grains per gallon
- Iron < (less than) 0.3 parts per million
- Manganese <(less than) 0.05 parts per million
- Turbidity < (less than) 1 NTU
- Tannins < (less than) 0.1 parts per million
- UV Transmittance > (greater than) 75%
Note it is necessary to pre-filter your water and remove contaminants such as sediments and other particulates for the UV water purifier to work effectively.
Also, the sediment and other particulates can create a shadow that prevents UV rays from reaching harmful contaminants. If you have other water filters, the UV water purifier is installed last.
UV system flow rate
The flow rate is how much amount of water can flow in the system.
The UV water purifier measures rates in gallons per minute (GPM).
The water may not be adequately treated, If you undersize the flow rate. The best thing is you oversize the flow rate.
1 Bathroom requires 6 gallons per minute flow rate
2 Bathrooms need 9 gallons per minute flow rate
3 Bathrooms want 12 gallons per minute flow rate
4 Bathrooms require 15 gallons per minute flow rate
5 Bathrooms need 18 gallons per minute flow rate
Amount of UV energy from the lamp
For specific contaminants to be inactivated, it requires a particular dose of energy from the UV lamp.
The energy is measured using millijoule per square centimeter or mJ/cm2.
Contaminants such as E. Coli, Giardia, and Cryptosporidium typically require a UV dose/ energy of 10 MJ/cm2 to become inactivated.
Most UV water purifier certified by NSF “A” is rated at 40 mJ/cm2 and are best used for commercial application.
The most accepted standard is 30 MJ/cm2
There is a UV water purifier that has an LED indicator informing when the filter is supposed to be replaced. Some brands come with a flow meter, touchscreen display, and a shut-off valve.
Where to install a UV water purifier.
The UV water purifier can be fixed it two places
Under the sink, this type is installed at the pipe that supplies water to the faucet. Most of these systems supply 2 gallons of filtered water per minute and are expensive they cost approximately $150-$500.
Countertop – they are attached to an electrical outlet and attached to the faucet. Just turn on the faucet; flip the switch that redirects water to the filter. This type is the most common and affordable cost of approximately $150-$500.
UV water purifier cost
There are two types of UV water purifier. The countertop water purifier which cost approximately $150 to $500.
The other type is under sink UV water purifier which costs $150 to $1000. This type the cost may vary if it is meant to filter water for the whole house it expensive compared with the one providing water into one faucet.
Ultraviolet water purifier ensures your water is free from any water contaminants but the method becomes effective when used together with other methods of water purification.
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