For you to buy the right water softener for your home there are some tips you need to consider. In this article find out water softener buying guide.
Even if hard water is not harmful and does not affect health matters, it causes many problems such as dries skin and hair, complicate soap, staining, and clogging home appliances.
Therefore, it is important to treat hard water by installing a water softener or conditioner so as to reduce the negative impact it causes on our home appliances and body.
Well, there is one problem finding the right water softener for your home that’s why we have created an article for the Water softener buying guide and tips to consider.
Water softener buying guide quick pick
- The hardness of your water
- Average household water consumption
- The size/capacity of a water softener
- Regeneration method
- Type of salt to use
- Types of water softeners
- Water softeners cost
- Portable vs. standard water softener
- Contaminants the system removes
- Certification from independence bodies
- Tank design
What is a water softener?
A water softener is a device or gadget that is used in our home to remove minerals such as calcium and magnesium that make water hard. If you live in an area that has hard water, the only solution is to install water softeners.
Water filters and purifiers remove contaminants in the water but do not reduce the hardness of water which softeners do.
What is hard water?
Hard water is raw water that contains minerals like calcium, magnesium, and ions which makes water hard.
The minerals can be picked from the soil or ground rocks.
Hard water is not harmful to human beings and does not affect health matter, but it causes many problems in our lives such as:
- Hard water makes your skin become dry and cause irritation. It also causes hair loss after bathing with it.
- It causes spots on the glassware and other utensils
- If hard water runs through the pipe for a very long time limescale and matters build up in the pipe eventually causing the pipe to block and slow water flow.
- Home appliances such as dishwashers, water heater, washing machines, and kettles are affected by hard water. When limescale and matters build up in the appliances make it fail to operate, it reduces lifespan and becomes expensive to repair.
- If clothes are washed using hard water, they become hard and scratchy and eventually looks old and feeling crispy
- Hard water affects sinks. The reaction between soap and hard water form scum stain on the sink and shower
All those effects of hard water make a good reason why we need water softeners in our house.
What to look for when purchasing a water softener
- The hardness of your water
When buying a water softener you must know the hardness level of your water.
The hardness is measured in grains per gallon.
The best and accurate method to test the water hardness is using a water hardness kit or get results from the municipal water supply
If you check and find your waters has:
3 grains- your water is slightly hard
3-7 grains- your water is moderately hard
7-10 grains- your water is hard
10-15 grains- your water is very hard
Above 15 grains– your water is extremely hard
You need to buy a system that removes the above grains that make your water hard.
2. Average household water consumption
The average amount of water a person consumes per day is between 70 and 110.
If you have five people in your house per day, you consume 80X5=400 gallons per day, and after a week you drink 400X7=2800 gallons per week
How do the number of grains and households impact your water softener purchase? Both numbers help know the right size/capacity of the water softener you need.
3. The size/capacity of a water softener
Water softeners are sold in sizes. The size doesn’t mean physical size but the ability to remove grains with frequent regeneration.
To know the right size you multiply the number of people in your household by the number of grains
For example, the number of people in your house is 5 and your water grain is 10. which is size do you need.
A person consumes 85 gallons of water in a day so five is 85×5=425 gallons. You all use 425 gallons of water every day.
425 gallons x 10 grains=4250gallons per grain. You need a system that will remove 4250 grains in a day.
Per week = 425X7=2950×10=29500
Per month= 425X30=12,750
Most water softeners have a size range from 15,000 to 100,000 GPG.
If you consume a lot of water, you need a water softener that has a large capacity to reduce the cost of regeneration.
4. Regeneration method
What is Regeneration
During the process of water softening there are softener resin beads that attract hard water minerals or hard water ions that stick to the beads.
After some time the resin will be over coated by hard water minerals causing them ineffective. The resin bead needs to be flushed or cleaned.
The process of cleaning or flushing out hard water ions or minerals from the resin beads is called Regeneration.
There are three types of regeneration
Demand/metered regeneration- the water softener will regenerate based on water usage and is most commonly used. The system is set to calculate the amount of water used and regenerates on its own at the right time. The system that uses metered regeneration method help save salt and water
Timer regeneration/Manual regeneration– This type of regeneration the person will decide when to regenerate. The method is expensive because it can waste a lot of water and salt.
Like any other device water softeners require regular maintenance.
A salt-based water softener such as a single tank water softener, Cabinet style water softener, and Twin tank water softener needs a regular addition of salt and power needed for regeneration. So they will be an electricity bill to be paid in salt-based water softeners.
Also, salt-based water softener parts can wear out after some time and they need to be replaced or repaired.
A free salt-water softener has a filter that requires being replaced on a regular basis.
You must know the amount of salt, water, and electricity the system will use.
6. Type of salt to use
Salt is used during regeneration. There are two types of salt available for water softeners Sodium chloride and potassium chloride.
You must be sure of the right type of salt to use and whether is available in the market.
7. Types of water softeners
They are different types of water softeners. This includes Salt-based water softeners, water conditioners, and salt-free water softeners.
Salt-based water softeners
This kind of water softener is meant to be used in extreme or very hard water.
The water softeners replace hard water ions with soft water ions. Soft water ions used are sodium (salt) ions. You need a salty water tank or brine solution tank which needs to be added more often for the process to work. The brine solution is required to remove hard minerals that are stuck in the polystyrene beads.
A salt-based water softener is not recommended due to some health issues; there are traces of salt that are left in the softened water. So they can cause a health risk to people who are having a problem with kidney or heart-related diseases.
However, you can still use the system by using soft ions such as potassium which is not harmful to our bodies, and it is nutrients required to keep our body healthy.
During regeneration, you can use hydrogen or hydrochloric acid which is not- toxic cleaning agent if used the right amount. Both hydrogen and potassium are eco-friendly but expensive compared to sodium.
You can also decide to leave individual taps with hard water for cooking and drinking.
A salt-based water softener requires regeneration regularly, so you are required to add softening materials which are expensive.
The process of water softening does not include removing hard water minerals. The salt-free system does not remove hard minerals in water but condition it so as not to form scale on your appliances and plumbing.
No salt is used if you want to remove hard water minerals.
It uses a special medium consisting of polymeric beads that are stored in the mineral tank when hard water passes the medium it alters the water hardness structure such that it does not form scale on the house appliance.
The salt-free water softener alters the structure of hardness through a technology called Template Assisted Crystallization (TAC).
The Template Assisted Crystallization technology requires no wastewater, salt, electricity, control valve or electronic control system, brine tank, backwash waste.
The water conditioner is a salt-free water softener that conditions hard minerals in water so as not to form scales on appliances or plumbing.
Water conditioners use electricity and magnetic to transmit waves and pulses.
The device is positioned around the pipe when hard water passes through the waves and pulses paralyze the structure of water hardness that causes the pipe to clog or blockage on the house appliances.
The softeners are not meant to remove hard water minerals but to remove scales and matter created by the hardness of the water.
This type of water softener is useful if your water has a hardness of over 8GPG and is diet-restricted person.
A water conditioner is either electric or magnetic
Magnetic– The magnet is placed around water pipes which alter water structure. The process does not offer a permanent solution to your water hardness. The Hardness in water is paralyzed for about 48 hours, and after that, it returns to its hardness form.
Electronic– Electronic pulses are sent to disrupt any suspended hard water mineral and change the chemical which causes scaling and building up of matter.
Chelation– It uses citrus-based agents. Their molecules will combine with hard water minerals and prevent scales and matter form in your pipe and showers.
8. Water softeners cost
The cost of water softeners depends on size and functionality. Before purchasing you should consider the average water consumption in your home.
For instance, if you buy a small water softener than the required size you will be doing regeneration more often than usual, and you will pay more for electricity and salt consumed during regeneration.
Consider buying a bigger size or the required size even though the purchase price will be high, but you will save more money on maintenance.
9. Portable vs. standard water softener
There are water softeners that are portable, and the others are standard.
Portable water softeners are best suited for outdoors, camping, or traveling.
Standard water softeners are installed in the house in your existing water system
Portable water softeners are used to soften less amount of water per day.
If you live in areas with hard water the best way is to treat your water is by installing a water softener.
10. Contaminants the system removes
Water softeners are known to remove hard water minerals such as calcium and magnesium but there are more advanced systems that remove other contaminants such as iron.
If your water has the presence of iron you can consider buying such systems.
11. Certification from independence bodies
There are independent bodies that guarantee you the system is effective in removing hardness and passed industry standards.
Such bodies include:
- National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) which certifies water treatment products.
- The water industry’s trade organization
- The Water Quality Association (WQA) certifies equipment.
11. Tank design
The water softener requires two tanks (resin tank and brine tank). There are brands that offer those two tanks separately and others single tank designs known as compact.
Compact/single tank design the resin and salt tanks are combined into one unit, therefore, help save space.
A water softener is an expensive device and lasts for 20 years. You need a system that has a warranty in case something happens in between.
Make sure when buying you consider the water buying guides we have outlined in this article and I am sure they will help you find the best water softener you need to soften your water.
We hope that our water softener buying guide was very helpful and we have provided you with the right information to guide you when purchasing the Water softeners brand.
Which water softener buying guide did you follow when you were purchasing your system?
Please share it with us in the comment section.
- How does a water softener work
- Water softener installation
- How to clean a water softener
- How to turn off the water softener
- Water softener regeneration
- Water conditioner vs water softener
- Water softener FAQ
- Best water softener for well water
- Do I need a water softener
- How to program water softener
- Water softener benefits